Nepal is bounded in the north by China (Tibet) and in the south by India. It is a landlocked state. The territory, included between the ground level Ganges Plain and the Himalayas, is mainly mountainous and shows a remarkable difference in altitude range (from 80 to 8.848 meters). From a geographical point of view it is part of the Indian subcontinent.
The country has a tropical climate comprising two main seasons: the rainy season (from June until the end of September) and the dry season (the rest of the year). This alternation is due to the presence of the monsoons, the periodic winds typical of the south and the southeast of Asia.
A typical Nepalese meal is dal bhat. Dal is a spicy lentil soup, served over bhat (boiled rice), and with tarkari (curried vegetables) together with achar (pickles) or chutni (spicy condiment made from fresh ingredients). It consists of non-vegetarian as well as vegetarian items served with non-alcoholic beverages. Mustard oil is the cooking medium and a host of spices, such as cumin, coriander, black peppers, sesame seeds, turmeric, garlic, ginger, methi (fenugreek), bay leaves, cloves, cinnamon, pepper, chillies, mustard seeds are the main condiment to cook. The cuisine served on festivals is generally the best.
Nepal is one of the poorest and most underdeveloped countries of the world. Most of the inhabitants live below poverty level and the unemployment rate is very high. Nepal is an extremely poor country (in 2000 the per capita income was only of 232 $). The economy is mainly based on agriculture (80% of the work force), tourism, cattle-breeding and small manufacturing enterprises (the most part of them are based on the handicraft ) operating in the textile sector. Tourism and exportion of carpets are the main sources of income. The gradual growth of tourism in the country makes the knowledge of English necessary to get a better job and life.
The country's official language is Nepali, an Indo-Aryan language, spoken and understood by most of the population. Since more then 93 languages and different dialects spoken by many ethnic groups do exist, in the country Nepali is the only language that allows them to communicate. Nepali is also spoken in Butan, Brunei and India. Tibetan language is the second most spoken. English is spoken by the members of government and by all the people engaged in trade activities or in tourism. English is also used in education in many schools of Kathmandu and other towns.
Nepal Main Tourist Attraction
- Chitwan National Park: The Chitwan National Park covers of 932 square km and is the most ancient park of Nepal. It is located at 200 km from the capital Kathmandu. The park rich in flora and fauna and gives hospitality to one of the last families of Indian rhinoceros and the Bengal tiger. In the park it is possible to canoe, ride elephants and participate to guided tours. All the people who have never seen a real jungle will be amazed by its beauty and awesomeness. Our mission in Nepal consists also in making you feel new emotions and live new experiences. Therefore, included in the price, we offer you a wonderful weekend of discovery of the mysterious nepalese jungle.
- Pokhara: It is located at 203 km west of Kathmandu and at 980 meters above sea level. Pokhara is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Nepal because of its many facilities located very close to several trekking paths, including the Annapurna Circuit.The tourist district of Lakeside overlooks the banks of the Phewa Lake (Phewa Tal) from which you can admire in the south the white Stupa for World Peace, given by the Japanese, and on the right the hill of Sarangkot (1300 meters above sea level) where there is a fort from which it is possible to have one of the most beautiful views of the Himalayas: the view extends from Dhaulagiri (8.167 m) to the west, up to Annapurna, Machapucchhre (6.993 m) and Manaslu (8.163 m) to the east.
- Swayambhunath: Swayambhunath also known as the Monkey Temple is an ancient religious complex on top of a hill in the Kathmandu Valley, west of Kathmandu city. It is probably the most sacred among Buddhist pilgrimage sites and for Tibetans and followers of Tibetan Buddhism, it is second only to Boudhanath. There you will have the possibility to experience some strong human feelings when encountering local childrens, monks and woman.
- Pashupatinath Temple: Pashupatinath Temple is one of the most significant Hindu temples in the world dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is located on the banks of the Bagmati River in the eastern part of Kathmandu. The temple is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Pashupatinath Temple is the oldest Hindu temple in Kathmandu. Thousands of pilgrims from all over the world come to pay homage at this temple, that is also known as 'The Temple of Living Beings'. There you will have the opportunity to assist at a cremation, a sacrest rite for Indu. It will be a unique experience which will question lots of your religious belief.
- Boudhanath: Boudhanath is one of the holiest Buddhist sites in Kathmandu. The Buddhist stupa of Boudhanath dominates the skyline. The ancient Stupa is one of the largest in the world. Along with Swayambhunath, it is one of the most popular tourist sites in the Kathmandu area. The meditative famous mantra “Om mani padme hum” will capture you in a trascendental universe.
- Kathmandu Durbar Square: Kathmandu Durbar Square, or Basantapur Durbar Square, is the plaza in front of the old royal palace of the Kathmandu Kingdom. The Durbar square is surrounded with spectacular architecture and it vividly showcases the skills that the Newar artists and craftsmen have acquired over several centuries. The Kathmandu Durbar Square holds the palaces of the Malla and Shah kings who ruled over the city. Along with these palaces, the square also surrounds quadrangles revealing courtyards and temples.